In 1847, 300 people died when a hurricane hit Newfoundland.
In 1860, Toronto’s Horticultural Gardens (now known as Allan Gardens), built on land donated to the city by George Allan, was opened by Edward, Prince of Wales.
In 1888, Canadian Gov. Gen. Baron Stanley made one of the oldest surviving recordings. The message, a greeting to U.S. President Grover Cleveland, was recorded at Toronto’s Industrial Exhibition (now the Canadian National Exhibition).
In 1916, the centre span of the Quebec Bridge fell into the St. Lawrence River while being set into place, killing 13 workers.
In 1944, U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt and British prime minister Winston Churchill met in Canada at the opening of second Quebec Conference. At this meeting, Roosevelt accepted Churchill’s offer to send a British fleet to the Pacific to serve under American command.
In 1956, Canadian war hero Billy Bishop died in Palm Beach, Fla., at age 62. The Owen Sound, Ont.-native was the top scoring Canadian and Imperial ace of the First World War, credited with shooting down 72 German aircraft. He was also the first Canadian airman to win the Victoria Cross.
In 1968, Charles Lavern Beasley of Dallas was charged with Canada’s first hijacking after he ordered an Air Canada Viscount bound for Toronto from Moncton, N.B., to go to Cuba. Describing himself as an American black-power militant sought by the CIA, he was arrested when the plane landed at Dorval, Que., for refuelling. He was sentenced to six years in prison.
In 1973, Helen Hunley was appointed Alberta’s first solicitor general.
In 1987, Canadian actor Lorne Greene died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 72. He first became known in Canada as the “Voice of Doom” for his CBC Radio newscasts during the Second World War. But the role of Ben Cartwright on TV’s “Bonanza” from 1959-73 catapulted him to fame throughout the world. His gunfighter narrative “Ringo” was a surprise No. 1 hit in 1964.
In 1995, Premier Frank McKenna was given a third consecutive overwhelming victory in a New Brunswick election.
In 1997, Canada’s federal and provincial health ministers reached a deal for a new blood agency (Canadian Blood Services) after the federal government agreed to pay a significant amount of its setup cost. The new blood authority replaced the Canadian Red Cross Society.
In 2001, hijackers crashed two airplanes into New York’s World Trade Center, toppling its twin 110-storey towers. Not long after, another hijacked plane slammed into the Pentagon in suburban Washington and a fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania after passengers on board fought with hijackers. Approximately 3,000 people were killed in the four crashes, including two dozen Canadians. The attacks were blamed on Saudi millionaire Osama bin Laden, who was living in Afghanistan under the protection of that country’s Taliban government. The United States responded by organizing an international coalition to drive the Taliban from power and find bin Laden, who was killed by U.S. Navy SEALs in Pakistan on May 2, 2011.
In 2008, Montreal’s archbishop Cardinal Jean-Claude Turcotte, 72, renounced his Order of Canada to protest Dr. Henry Morgentaler’s appointment to the prestigious membership.
In 2009, former NHL player Mike Danton was granted full parole, after admitting to the National Parole Board that the target of a murder-for-hire plot was in fact his father, and not his former junior coach David Frost, who had later become Danton’s mentor and agent. Danton pleaded guilty in 2004 in the United States in the failed plot that prosecutors alleged targeted Frost. Danton was sentenced to seven-and-a-half years in prison in the U.S. and was transferred to a Kingston, Ont.-area facility in March, when he reached full parole eligibility.