My Bloom’s taxonomy

I use Bloom's taxonomy's cognitive domain list to help form my curriculum, assessment and lesson plans.


You can also download this as a dual-page print-out (60kb).



Remember

Retain, recall and recognize knowledge

Verbs

citematchrecord
definememorizerelate
describenamerepeat
identifyoutlinereproduce
labelrecallselect
listrecitestate
locaterecognizetabulate

Activities

  • basic searches
  • curation
  • drill and practice
  • flashcards
  • games
  • highlight key
  • words
  • list
  • memory activities
  • reading materials
  • timelines
  • watching
  • presentations and videos

Assessments

  • clicker questions
  • fill-in-the blanks
  • label
  • match
  • multiple choice
  • quizzes
  • timeline
  • true and false questions

Prompts

  • List the…
  • How would you describe…?
  • How would you explain…?
  • When did […] happen?
  • How would you show…?
  • Select the…
  • Which one…?
  • Who was…?
  • Why did…?

Understand

Translate and interpret knowledge

Verbs

classifyexpressrecognize
compareextendreport
convertgeneralizerestate
defendidentifyreview
describeinferrewrite
discussinterpretsummarize
distinguishlocatetranslate
estimateparaphrase
explainpredict

Activities

  • advanced search
  • blogging
  • case studies
  • concept map
  • demonstrations
  • diagrams
  • flowcharts
  • gamification
  • group discussions
  • mind map
  • matrix activity
  • play/sketches
  • summarize
  • think-pair-share

Assessments

  • concept map
  • create a summary
  • essay
  • diagrams
  • infographics
  • matrix activity
  • one-minute paper
  • presentation
  • provide examples
  • quizzes
  • short answers

Prompts

  • State in your own words.
  • Which are facts?
  • What does this mean?
  • Is this the same as…?
  • Give an example.
  • Select the best definition.
  • Condense this paragraph.
  • What would happen if…?
  • State in one word…
  • Explain what is happening.
  • What part doesn’t fit?
  • Explain what is meant.
  • What expectations are there?
  • What are they saying?


Apply

Apply knowledge to different situations

Verbs

actemployproduce
applyillustraterelate
calculateinterpretschedule
choosemanipulateshow
computemodifysketch
constructoperatesolve
demonstratepracticeuse
dramatizeprepare

Activities

  • case studies
  • concept map
  • demonstrations
  • flipped classrooms
  • gallery walk
  • gamification
  • group work
  • interview
  • lab experiments
  • map
  • presentation
  • problem-solving tasks
  • short answers
  • role play

Assessments

  • discussion board post
  • journal
  • portfolio
  • lab reports
  • one-minute paper
  • presentation
  • problem-solving tasks
  • scrapbooking
  • short answers
  • tests

Prompts

  • What examples can you find to…?
  • How would you organize…?
  • How would you apply what you have learned to develop…?
  • What other way would you plan to…?
  • What questions would you ask in an interview with…?
  • What elements would you choose to change…?
  • How would you classify…?
  • What would result if…?

Analyze

Break down information to look at relationships

Verbs

analyzedifferentiatepoint out
appraisediscriminatequestion
categorizedistinguishreframe
classifydividerelate
compareexamineselect
contrastinferseparate
criticizemeasuresubdivide
diagramoutlinetest

Activities

  • case studies
  • compare/contrast
  • concept map
  • debates
  • discussions
  • flowchart
  • graph
  • group investigation
  • mind map
  • questionnaires
  • report/survey
  • reverse engineering
  • think-pair-share

Assessments

  • analysis paper
  • case studies
  • evaluation criteria
  • critique hypothesis, procedures etc.
  • diagram
  • media mashup
  • muddiest point
  • one-minute paper
  • research paper
  • review paper

Prompts

  • What is the function of…?
  • What’s fact? Opinion?
  • What assumptions…?
  • What statement is relevant?
  • What motive is there?
  • Related to, extraneous to, not applicable.
  • What conclusions?
  • What does the author believe?
  • What does the author assume?
  • Make a distinction…
  • State the point of view of…
  • What is the premise?
  • State the point of view of…
  • What ideas justify the conclusion?
  • What’s the relationship between?

Evaluate

Make judgments based on evidence found

Verbs

appraisecriticizemanage
arguecritiqueprepare
assessdefendrearrange
chooseestimatereconcile
compareevaluateset up
concludejudgesynthesize

Activities

  • compare/contrast
  • concept map
  • court trial
  • debates
  • investigation
  • journal
  • product testing
  • pros and cons list
  • mind map
  • reflecting
  • review paper
  • simulation
  • survey

Assessments

  • argumentative or persuasive essay
  • debates
  • discussions
  • presentation
  • provide alternative solutions
  • report

Prompts

  • What fallacies, inconsistencies appear?
  • Which is more important, moral, better, logical, valid, appropriate?
  • Find the errors.
  • Is there a better solution to?
  • Judge the value of…?
  • Can you defend your position about…?
  • Do you think…is a good or a bad thing?
  • How would you have handled…?
  • What changes to…would you recommend?
  • Do you believe…?
  • How effective are…?
  • What do you think about…?


Create

Retain, recall and recognize knowledge

Verbs

arrangedevelopplan
assembledeviseprepare
combineformulateproduce
composegeneraterate
constructinventrevise
createmodifywrite
designorganize

Activities

  • brainstorm
  • decision-making tasks
  • develop and describe new solutions or plans
  • performances
  • presentations
  • remixing
  • research projects
  • written assignment

Assessments

  • brainstorm
  • decision-making tasks
  • develop and describe new solutions or plans
  • performances
  • presentations
  • remixing
  • research projects
  • written assignment

Prompts

  • How would you test…?
  • Propose an alternative.
  • Solve the following.
  • How else would you…?
  • State a rule.
  • Can you design a…?
  • Can you see a possible solution to…?
  • If you had access to all resources how would you deal with…?
  • What would happen if…?
  • How many ways can you…?
  • Create new and unusual uses for…?
  • Can you develop a proposal which would…?

References

Aligning assessments to SLOs. (n.d.) University of Florida. Retrieved from http://citt.ufl.edu/online-teaching-resources/assessments/aligning-assessments-to-slos/

Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D.R., eds. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom’s taxonomy of educational objectives. Allyn and Bacon.

Bloom’s Taxonomy Learning Activities and Assessments. (2019). University of Waterloo. https://uwaterloo.ca/centre-for-teaching-excellence/blooms-taxonomy-learning-activities-and-assessments

Bloom’s Taxonomy “Revised” Key Words, Model Questions, & Instructional Strategies Prompts https://wcupa.edu/education-socialWork/assessmentAccreditation/documents/Blooms_Taxonomy.pdf

Carrington, A. (2016). The Padagogy Wheel English V5. Retrieved from https://designingoutcomes.com/english-speaking-world-v5-0/

Stanny, C. (2016). Reevaluating Bloom’s Taxonomy: What Measurable Verbs Can and Cannot Say about Student Learning. Education Sciences, 6(4), n/a. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci6040037

Related keywords


Related content

Featured Content